ALSTOM Transport has developed a hybrid shunting locomotive for industrial applications in Europe. Built at the Stendal locomotive plant in Germany, the prototype 203 701 conversion of a former DB diesel-hydraulic is expected to receive formal certification next February and begin field testing in April 2007. A 200 kW Deutz-engined diesel genset powers a DC link which charges a NiCd battery. The link is also connected to the traction inverter, which feeds two three-phase motors. The loco is designed to operate on genset or battery power alone, or with both sources offering a maximum of 550 kW. The power modules, electric motors and auxiliary converter are all standard Alstom designs proven extensively in other applications. Because the prototype is a conversion of a diesel-hydraulic B-B, the motors drive through the existing mechanical transmission. To balance the weight of the centre-cab unit, the diesel engine and auxiliaries are mounted in one bonnet, with the batteries and traction inverters in the other. Alstom is also looking at converting diesel-electric locos to hybrid drive. Starting tractive effort is 195 kN, falling to 20 kN at a maximum speed of 60 km/h. The performance curve compares closely to a conventional 500 kW diesel-hydraulic, with a maximum train weight of 3 000 tonnes. Because most shunting locos are idling for around 75% of the time, Alstom estimates that the hybrid can cut fuel use by up to 40% and maintenance costs by 15%. As well as a 30% cut in life-cycle costs, the conversion offers a 15 dB(A) noise reduction and a 55% cut in emissions to well below the EU Stage IIIA requirements.
Tweet Share NewsRegional CARICOM votes to upgrade Palestinian UN status by: – December 1, 2012 Share 30 Views no discussions NEW YORK, USA — Caribbean Community (CARICOM) states, with the exception of The Bahamas and Barbados, voted in unison to support UN Resolution 67/19 that granted observer status to the State of Palestine at the United Nations on Thursday, which is similar to the status of the Holy See. Two important CARICOM states, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, broke with traditional positions and supported the Palestinian vote for observer status at the UN. In the past they never explicitly supported Palestinian statehood and have abstained on the issue. The United Nations voted overwhelmingly on Thursday to recognize the State of Palestine. More than two-thirds of the world body’s 193 member states approved the resolution to upgrade Palestine to a non-member observer state. It passed 138-9, with 41 abstentions. Joining the United States in voting no was Canada, Czech Republic, Panama and a few other Pacific Island states. Five CARICOM member states, Guyana, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize and Grenada, co-sponsored the resolution. Prior to the actual vote, Belize, Grenada and Suriname added their names as co-sponsors of the resolution. Since 1975 Guyana has been a member of the UN Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, and the first Caribbean country to recognise Palestine as a state. And since coming to office two years ago, Suriname’s President Desi Bouterse has solidified ties with non-aligned nations, the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Arab, African and Asian bloc of the 57-nation Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and has been an advocate of Palestinian statehood. “Suriname and Guyana through CARICOM and in their recent role as chair respectively of the second and third committee have supported a united CARICOM position,” said Suriname’s Ambassador’s to the United Nations, Henry MacDonald. A lot of behind the scenes lobbying to have a unified CARICOM position on the Palestine upgrade resolution by Suriname and Guyana took place at CARICOM and at the UN.Haiti, as expected, like Colombia abstained, but Paraguay’s abstention was a surprise after Paraguay had recognized the Palestinian state a few years ago. The change of government in Paraguay more recently could account for this move. While this UN move is merely symbolic, it will allow Palestine to join international organisations such as the International Criminal Court, where Palestine can bring charges against Israel’s occupation, and expansion of settlements in the West Bank. As well, some assert, it will give the Palestinians more leverage to negotiate with Israel. According to MacDonald, “The new status will also allow Palestine to get access to international financial institutions like the IMF and the World Bank.”Caribbean News Now Share Sharing is caring!
Chelsea boss Antonio Conte is considering signing defender Martin Caceres, according to reports in Italy.Calciomercato claim the Blues could offer a contract to the 29-year-old Uruguay international, who played under Conte at Juventus and has also had a spell at Barcelona. Caceres can join a club outside of the transfer window as he is a free agent, having left Juve after the end of last season.AdChoices广告Italian media reports have also suggested that Inter Milan, AC Milan, Roma and Napoli have all shown an interest in him.Conte was keen to sign at least one defender ahead of last week’s transfer deadline and Chelsea eventually signed Marcos Alonso and brought David Luiz back to Stamford Bridge. Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook