Altered forests threaten sustainability of subsistence hunting

first_imgArticle published by John Cannon Agriculture, Animals, Biodiversity, Biodiversity Crisis, Biodiversity Hotspots, Birds, Bushmeat, Cloud Forests, Conservation, Deforestation, Ecology, Ecosystem Services, Ecosystem Services Payments, Ecosystems, Endangered Species, Environment, Extinction, Forest People, Forestry, Forests, Fragmentation, Human Migration, Human Rights, Human-wildlife Conflict, Hunting, Illegal Logging, In-situ Conservation, Indigenous Communities, Indigenous Cultures, Indigenous Groups, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Reserves, Indigenous Rights, Iucn, Land Conflict, Land Reform, Land Rights, Logging, Mammals, Mining, Natural Capital, Palm Oil, Parks, Payments For Ecosystem Services, Poaching, Pollution, Poverty, Poverty Alleviation, Primary Forests, Primates, Protected Areas, Pulp And Paper, Rainforest Agriculture, Rainforest Animals, Rainforest Biodiversity, Rainforest Conservation, Rainforest Destruction, Rainforest Ecological Services, Rainforest Logging, Rainforest Mining, Rainforest People, Rainforests, Research, Resource Curse, Roads, Saving Species From Extinction, Social Conflict, Social Justice, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Forest Management, Technology, Threats To Rainforests, Timber, Traditional People, Trees, Tribal Groups, Tropical Forests, Wcs, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Trade In a commentary, two conservation scientists say that changes to the forests of Central and South America may mean that subsistence hunting there is no longer sustainable.Habitat loss and commercial hunting have put increasing pressure on species, leading to the loss of both biodiversity and a critical source of protein for these communities.The authors suggest that allowing the hunting of only certain species, strengthening parks and reserves, and helping communities find alternative livelihoods and sources of food could help address the problem, though they acknowledge the difficult nature of these solutions. The way humans have changed the forests of Central and South America may be making it impossible for subsistence hunters to continue their way of life, according to two conservation scientists.“No longer can subsistence hunting be seen or managed as a sustainable activity carried out by small, isolated human groups occupying large tracts of natural habitat and using traditional hunting methods,” Galo Zapata‐Ríos, who directs the science program for the Wildlife Conservation Society’s (WCS) Ecuador program, said in a statement. “Any approach to the problem must take into account the fundamentally different context in which subsistence hunting occurs in the present day.”Scientists have generally thought that groups that rely on hunting to feed themselves and their families under these conditions — and as it has occurred for generations in some places — could do so without affecting the local survival of certain species.An armadillo taken by hunters. Image by Galo Zapata-Ríos/WCS.But Zapata‐Ríos and his colleague, Esteban Suárez, an ecologist and professor at Universidad San Francisco de Quito, say the widespread impacts humans have had in the “neotropical” forests of the Americas force a rethink of those assumptions.“Any approach to the problem must take into account the fundamentally different context in which subsistence hunting occurs in the present day,” the authors write in a commentary published May 8 in the journal Biotropica.Deforestation for timber and agriculture has carved through the region’s rainforests, leaving smaller and fewer fragmented refuges for species to inhabit. And an influx of people from outside, whether due to oil exploration, mineral extraction, or tourism, has helped fuel larger-scale hunting, sometimes even commercial-scale, they write.Add to that even low levels of subsistence hunting pressure, and the burden could be enough to wipe out some species. Not only does that diminish the biodiversity of the surroundings, but it also robs those very communities of a critical source of food, Zapata‐Ríos and Suárez say.A capybara in Colombia. Image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.The researchers outline several potential remedies, but acknowledge that none are perfect solutions. Wildlife managers could allow subsistence hunting only of certain animals that are numerous or reproduce swiftly enough to cope with the pressure. Parks and reserves with stronger protections could also provide places where animals can escape hunting pressure and thus keep their numbers up.The pair’s research also looked at attempts to incentivize communities to switch to livestock rearing as a way to replace the protein in their diet that hunting historically provided, and, more drastically, projects to resettle subsistence hunters outside key areas that are home to rare or threatened species.One study they cite found that more than two-thirds of a community in India that had been moved from the Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary “perceived that their quality of life had improved and were satisfied with the outcome of the relocation,” but that’s not always the case.A chestnut-eared aracari in Colombia. Image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.“There is ample evidence showing that resettlement of human populations in the name of conservation can result in severe social, cultural, and economic impacts that often affect the most marginalized groups among societies,” the team writes.The researchers say that far-reaching initiatives are necessary if we’re to stem the loss of species from the bevy of threats they face. But they also point out the difficult situation that the outside world’s impacts on the region’s ecosystems have put communities of subsistence hunters in.“[W]e give them the tools and expectations of the Western World, and then, we hope that they can succeed at living sustainably, even if we have constantly failed,” the authors write.Banner image of a red howler monkey in Colombia by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.CitationsKaranth, K. K. (2007). Making resettlement work: The case of India’s Bhadra wildlife sanctuary. Biological Conservation, 139, 315–324. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2007.07.004Suarez, E., & Zapata‐Ríos, G. Managing subsistence hunting in the changing landscape of Neotropical rain forests. Biotropica. doi:10.1111/btp.12662FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Marshfield’s Nolan Hertel excited for chance at first state wrestling tournament

first_imgMatches begin Thursday afternoon in MadisonBy Paul LeckerSports ReporterMARSHFIELD — Marshfield freshman Nolan Hertel has high goals as he heads to Madison for his first WIAA State Individual Wrestling Tournament.Hertel (31-12) finished second at 138 pounds at the D.C. Everest sectional last Saturday, fighting through a third-place match and a second-place wrestleback, where he took down two state-ranked opponents by narrow margins.Hertel will face Zach Lee of Kaukauna in a Division 1 preliminary Thursday afternoon at the Kohl Center.“I’ve been really working my offense,” Hertel said. “I know that will help me succeed and reaching my ultimate goal of getting on the podium (with a top-six finish and a state medal).“It’s been an unbelievable journey. All of the hard work, it feels very good right now.”Marshfield coach Jackson Hein said Hertel made it to the state meet through determination.“It’s not a complicated formula,” Hein said. “The harder you work and the more you believe in yourself and the training, (the better you become).“He was focused the entire time, even when the match got tight, he had a lot of composure. Both matches he was tied up with about 30 seconds left. We’re looking that momentum going into the state tournament. He’s going to have a tough match, but I think if he wrestles the way he can and up to his ability, he’s going to do some damage like (at sectionals).”Hertel has never faced Lee, a member of the top-ranked Division 1 team in the state from Kaukauna. Going up against an unknown opponent is nothing new in high school wrestling, so Hertel is going to concentrate more on what he can do.“A lot of my matches have been like that this year,” Hertel said. “I don’t focus on names. I just go out there and do my best and beat the guy no matter what. I’m really excited. I just want to go out there and have a good time. That’s what I’m there for. I want to wrestle tough and give it my all.”Hertel has been to the state tournament before as a spectator watching his brother Mitch, who was a two-time state qualifier. His previous experience there, even though not in competition, could be beneficial for the freshman.“I keep telling him it’s not so much pressure as it is opportunity,” Hein said. “Last year his brother Mitch wrestled there and took third place, and I had Nolan on the floor trying to get him familiar with the environment. It is a fun environment, and it’s the big stage. To have some butterflies is normal, but I think his mindset is right in that it’s pure opportunity, and go out and battle every single match.”(Hub City Times Sports Reporter Paul Lecker is also the publisher of WIAA State Individual Wrestling ChampionshipsFeb. 25-27, Kohl Center, MadisonThursday, Feb. 253 p.m. – Division 1 preliminaries5:15 p.m. – Division 1 quarterfinals7:15 p.m. – Division 2 & 3 preliminariesFriday, Feb. 2610 a.m. – Division 1 consolation matches11:15 a.m. – Division 2 & 3 quarterfinals1:45 p.m. – Division 1 consolation semifinals2:45 p.m. – Division 2 & 3 consolation semifinals7 p.m. – Semifinals, all divisionsSaturday, Feb. 2711 a.m. – Consolation wrestlebacks, all divisions; followed by fifth-place and third-place matches in all divisions6 p.m. – Championship matches, all divisionsFirst-round matchupDivision 1 preliminaries (Thursday afternoon)138 pounds: Nolan Hertel (31-12) Marshfield versus Zach Lee (41-6) Kaukauna.last_img read more

Nexus S Revealed: This is the Android Phone You’ve Been Waiting For

first_imgTags:#Google#mobile#news#web The rumored “Nexus S,” also once referred to as the “Nexus 2,” has now been officially confirmed by Google. This flagship Android device is the successor to the original “Nexus One,” the ground-breaking smartphone which featured a clean installation of the Android operating system. Like the first Nexus phone, the new Nexus S will also offer a fresh installation of Android – OS 2.3, code-named “Gingerbread” – without the accompanying software skins and pre-loaded applications carriers and OEM handset manufacturers tend to include when selling Android devices.However, unlike the Nexus One, Google didn’t have the phone built from scratch, but co-developed the product with Samsung, the OEM whose Galaxy S phones are among the most popular Android handsets, recently reaching 7 million shipments worldwide since their July launch.Here Comes GingerbreadAccording to the post on the official Google blog, the new version of the Android operating system, Gingerbread, has now been released alongside the Nexus S’s launch.As reported earlier, Gingerbread delivers a number of improvements, most notably, says Google, “user interface refinements, NFC support, a new keyboard and text selection tool, Internet (VoIP/SIP) calling, improved copy/paste functionality and gyroscope sensor report.You can see Gingerbread in action in this video. Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Haptic feedback vibrationThree-axis gyroscopeAccelerometerDigital compassProximity sensorLight sensorProcessor and memory1GHz Cortex A8 (Hummingbird) processor16GB iNAND flash memoryCameras and multimediaBack-facing: 5 megapixels (2560×1920)720 x 480 video resolutionH.264, H.263 MPEG4 video recordingAuto focusFlashFront-facing: VGA (640×480)3.5mm, 4-conductor headset jack(stereo audio plus microphone)Earpiece and microphoneSoftware noise-cancellationBatteryTalk time up to 6.7 hours on 3G(14 hours on 2G)Standby time up to 17.8 days on 3G(29.7 days on 2G)1500 mAH Lithum IonSoftwareAndroid 2.3 (Gingerbread)Android MarketCalendarGmailGoogle EarthGoogle Maps with NavigationGoogle SearchGoogle TalkGoogle VoiceVoice ActionsYouTubeHow to Get ItYou’ll be able to purchase the Nexus S online or at Best Buy stores/Best Buy Mobile Stores in the U.S or at the Carphone Warehouse or Best Buy retail stores in the U.K after December 16th. The phone will be available either unlocked or with a T-Mobile service plan. Nexus S: The Specs The product page for the Nexus S smartphone has been launched, too, where you can learn more about the device, its features, its technical specifications and view photos and videos.According to this page, the phone features the following:ConnectivityQuad-band GSM: 850, 900, 1800, 1900Tri-band HSPA: 900, 2100, 1700HSPA type: HSDPA (7.2Mbps) HSUPA (5.76Mbps)Wi-Fi 802.11 n/b/gBluetooth 2.1+EDRNear Field Communication (NFC)Assisted GPS (A-GPS)microUSB 2.0Display4.0″ WVGA (480×800)Contour Display with curved glass screenSuper AMOLED235 ppiCapacitive touch sensorAnti-fingerprint display coatingSize and weight63mm x 123.9mm x 10.88mm129gHardware Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfacescenter_img Related Posts What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … sarah perez The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technologylast_img read more

Woods 4 back with everyone around him at Honda Classic

first_imgTiger Woods hits out of a bunker on the 18th hole during the second round of the Honda Classic golf tournament, Friday, Feb. 23, 2018, in Palm Beach Gardens, Fla. (AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee)PALM BEACH GARDENS, Fla. — Even with a tee shot into the water for another double bogey, Tiger Woods could see the big picture in the Honda Classic.He was four shots out of the lead going into the weekend.ADVERTISEMENT SEA Games: PH still winless in netball after loss to Thais ‘A complete lie:’ Drilon refutes ‘blabbermouth’ Salo’s claims Defending champion Rickie Fowler had six bogeys on his front nine and shot 77 to miss the cut.“It’s unfortunate that the greens have changed this much in a year,” Fowler said. “They typically get slick and quick on the weekend because they dry out, but at least there’s some sort of surface. But like I said, everyone’s playing the same greens.”It looked as though List was playing a different course when he went out with a bogey-free 32 on the back nine, added a pair of birdies on the front nine and then dropped his only shot when he caught an awkward lie in the bunker on the par-3 seventh.“It’s very relentless,” List said. “There’s not really too many easy holes, but if you hit fairways and go from there, you can make a few birdies out there.”List and Lovemark, both Californians, have never won on the PGA Tour. This is the third time List has had at least a share of the 36- hole lead, most recently in South Korea at the CJ Cup, where he shot 76-72 on the weekend.“It’s kind of irrelevant because there’s going to be 30 guys within a couple shots of the lead,” List said. “It’s going to be that type of week.”He was exaggerating — there were 11 players within three shots of the lead.And there was another guy four shots behind.Woods brought big energy to a Friday afternoon that already was hopping before he overcame a sluggish start and holed a 25-foot birdie putt on No. 9 to make the turn at 1 under for his round, and leaving him two shots out of the lead. Everyone knew it just from listening to the roars.Woods had his chances, twice missing birdie putts from inside 10 feet at Nos. 10 and 12, sandwiched around a 12-foot par save. His round appeared to come undone when he found the water on the 15th and made double bogey for the second straight day. PH military to look into China’s possible security threat to power grid BeautyMNL open its first mall pop-up packed with freebies, discounts, and other exclusives Chemistry between Ross, Lassiter made SMB’s winning play happen MOST READ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Then, he hit out of a fairway bunker, over the water and onto the green at the dangerous 16th hole and faced a 65-foot putt. He misread the speed and the line, so badly that it was similar to a car driving from Chicago to Denver and winding up in Phoenix. A bogey dropped him to 2 over.The big moment was the 17th hole, 184 waters into the wind and over water. That’s where Rory McIlroy made triple bogey earlier in the day that ruined his otherwise solid round of 72, leaving him seven behind. Making it even tougher for Woods is the Brandt Snedeker hit 5-iron before him to about 6 feet. Woods got to the tee and the wind died, meaning 5-iron was too much and 6-iron wouldn’t clear the water.He went with the 5-iron.“I started that thing pretty far left and hit a pretty big cut in there because I had just too much stick,” Wood said.It landed 12 feet below the hole for a birdie putt.Thomas made 17 pars and a double bogey when he three-putted from 6 feet on No. 16. He felt the same way as Woods.“I’m in a good spot — really good spot — going into this week,” Thomas said.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparc Luke List delivered a round not many others found possible in such difficult conditions Friday, a 4-under 66 that gave him a share of the lead with Jamie Lovemark (69). They were at 3-under 137, the highest score to lead at the halfway point of the Honda Classic since it moved to PGA National in 2007.So bunched were the scores that Woods was four shots out of the lead and four shots from last place among the 76 players who made the cut at 5-over 145. More importantly, he only had 13 players in front of him.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games opening“This is a difficult golf course right now,” Woods said. “Making pars is a good thing. I’ve done that, and I’m right there with a chance.”And he has plenty of company.center_img Read Next ‘We cannot afford to fail’ as SEA Games host – Duterte LATEST STORIES Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Tommy Fleetwood, who won the Race to Dubai on the European Tour last year, scratched out a 68 and was one shot out of the lead along with Webb Simpson (72), Russell Henley (70) and Rory Sabbatini (69).Justin Thomas and Daniel Berger each shot 72 and were in a large group at 139. They were among only 10 players remaining under par.Fleetwood laughed when asked the last time he was at 2 under after 36 holes and only one shot out of the lead.“Maybe some junior event,” he said. “It’s good, though. These are the toughest test in golf. Generally, one of the best players prevail at the end of weeks like this. Weeks like this challenge you to the ultimate level. Whether you shoot two 80s or you lead after two rounds, you can see what you need to do and see where your game is. Because this is as hard as it’s ever going to get for you.”The difficulty was primarily from the wind, which blew just as hard in the morning when List shot his 66 as it did in the afternoon. More aggravating to the players are the greens, which are old and bare, firm and crusty. It’s a recipe for not making many putts.ADVERTISEMENT View comments Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Judiciary Committee set to take over Trump impeachment probelast_img read more

16 days agoHearts manager Levein delighted with Man City winger Ryotaro Meshino

first_imgHearts manager Levein delighted with Man City winger Ryotaro Meshinoby Paul Vegas16 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester City winger Ryotaro Meshino is impressing on-loan at Hearts.Jambos boss Craig Levein says Meshino has been influential in the dressing room despite the many learning curves he is undertaking.“He isn’t fluent in English but he is taking lessons three times a week and that has improved,” Levein told The Scotsman.“The boys are teaching him a few words in the dressing room that maybe they shouldn’t be teaching him but he is a bubbly wee character. I think that will help him.“This is a fair change in culture, it’s a fair distance away from his home, it’s a different language. “Most foreign players who come to the UK, particularly from Japan, are very unlikely to be speaking fluent English. He’s got that to contend with, plus the football and the weather. He has been more to forefront in the dressing room that I would have thought.” TagsLoan MarketAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Oldendorff to Build 2 Ships for Transhipment Gig in Vietnam

first_imgzoomImage Courtesy: Oldendorff Carriers German bulk carrier owner and operator Oldendorff Carriers has signed an integrated coal transport and transhipment deal for a new power station project to be built in the North of Vietnam at Nghi Son.Under the contract, the company will transport around 100 million tonnes of coal over 25 years for Nghi Son 2 Power Limited Liability Company (NS2PC), a consortium between Marubeni Corp of Japan and Korea Electric Power Corporation (Kepco).To support the project, Oldendorff Carriers said it would build two transhipment vessels in China, with the first ship being ready to tranship and deliver coal cargoes in 2021.The ships will feature a length of 145 m, a beam of abt 34 m with about 27,000 tdw on 8.5m draft. They will be equipped with 2 heavy-duty cranes for self-loading from the Capesize vessels at anchorage, and a gravity feed self-unloading system for discharging the coal at the NS2PC jetty.There will be about two Capesize deliveries per month and each vessel will have on board up to 2 grades of coal, the company explained.Oldendorff said it plans to open an office in North Vietnam in order to perform the transhipment operations together with Vietnamese partners.NS2PC started construction this year on 2 x 600 MW power generation units on the coast of Nghi Son Province in North Vietnam. Both units will be completed in 2021 and are expected to consume about 4 million tonnes of coal per year.The coal will be mainly imported from five ports in Indonesia; Balikpapan anchorage, Samarinda anchorage, Adang Bay anchorage, Muara Jawa anchorage and Muara Berau anchorage, in Capesize bulkers.last_img read more