James BatchelorEditor-in-ChiefThursday 25th March 2021Share this article Recommend Tweet ShareCompanies in this articlePUBG CorporationTencentThe mobile version of PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds has surpassed one billion downloads outside of China.The figure was revealed during publisher Tencent’s recent earnings call, Reuters reports. The battle royale’s popularity on mobile has driven it to become one of the most downloaded games in the world. According to estimates from Sensor Tower, only Subway Surfers and Candy Crush Saga have outperformed it.Notably, both titles are casual titles so PUBG Mobile raises the bar for what a core-focused title can accomplish on mobile.Its success is all the more impressive given the hurdles it has had to overcome in key mobile markets.In China, the game is unable to monetise due to the country’s strict regulations. The situation that prompted Tencent to run its own rival, Game For Peace (also known as Peacekeeper Elite), that serves as a “homage to the Chinese military.”This Chinese relaunch drove the game to become the first mobile battle royale ever to surpass $1 billion in revenue.Meanwhile in India, PUBG Mobile was banned in four cities back in 2019. The local authorities claimed it was provoking angry and violent behaviour in young people.Last year, the game was among 118 apps the Indian government banned over concerns round ties to China and user privacy violations.Related JobsEnvironment Artists – New IP South East Creative AssemblyLead Sound Designer South East Creative AssemblyRemote Environment Artist Console Studio UK UK & Europe Big PlanetDiscover more jobs in games PUBG Corporation announced plans in November to launch PUBG Mobile India, a new version of the game specific to the market.The one billion download milestone comes as Tencent reports online games revenues rose by 29% in Q4 2020 to RMB 39.1 billion ($6 billion).Of this, games revenues from outside of China reached RMB 9.8 billion ($1.5 billion), up 43% year-on-year.For the record, this article previously cited RMB 39.1 billion as Tencent’s online games revenues for 2020 but this is actually the figure for its fourth quarter. We have corrected the text accordingly.
Vitamin D is needed for the health of bone and teeth, as well as absorption of calcium. It plays a role in immunity, can help reduce inflammation and is being investigated for use in treating cancer. Over the years, headlines have linked vitamin D deficiency with chubby children, childhood asthma, auto-immune diseases, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, slower healing bones and age-related macular degeneration (deterioration of eyesight). Low levels of vitamin D have also been documented in populations of cancer patients. Groups most vulnerable to deficiency are children under 5 and adults over 65, pregnant and lactating women, dark-skinned individuals and those who do not expose their skin to the sun. While only the term vitamin D is generally used, you may have heard D2 and D3 mentioned, so what are these and which version should we take? The general consensus is that D3 (cholecalciferol) is the more biologically active form although many supplement companies still churn out D2 (ergocalciferol) in their formulations, and food manufacturers tend to fortify products with it. Still, the addition of vitamin D2 to milk was a key factor in the elimination of childhood rickets in the U.S. Thus, we can conclude that both forms are viable, with D2 perhaps needing a higher dosage. Vitamin D can be obtained naturally from oily fish, eggs, dairy products and the sun. Ultraviolet rays act on cholesterol in the skin to form an intermediate product, which is then processed by the liver to produce an active form of the vitamin. Approximately 20 minutes of sun a day can be enough to prevent deficiency. Interestingly, in Costa Rica it used to be customary for people to put their babies out for a half hour in the early morning sun. Grandmother does often know best!Note that in the same way dark skin blocks a percentage of these rays from filtering through, slapping on the sun block can similarly impair the effectiveness of vitamin D synthesis. Realistically, 20 minutes in the sun is unlikely to be damaging, as long as you avoid the intense 11a.m.-2 p.m. period. The amount of vitamin D that we can get from the sun is self-regulated with a built-in system that prevents you from overdosing. Supplementing with tablets or sourcing your vitamin D from fortified foods has no such protection mechanism. Toxicity is important, as a recent report from Copenhagen University linked people with both very low and very high levels of vitamin D in their blood with higher death rates than those with moderate levels. With the sunny climate of Costa Rica, there should be little need for supplementation. If you do decide to go this route, be aware that D2 is synthesised from plant sources whereas D3 comes from animal sources. As always there is much debate on levels, but children’s daily allowance is set at 400-600iu and adults’ at 600-800iu. If you feel that you need more than this, consult your doctor or nutritional therapist, who can assess your overall health and make the necessary recommendations. Julie Godfrey BSc (Hons) is a Nutritional Therapy Practitioner and full member of the British Association of Applied Nutrition and Nutritional Therapy (BANT). See www.foreverhealthyco.com or email [email protected] Facebook Comments Julie Godfrey Lately there has been a flurry of reporting about vitamin D deficiency and how this affects health. But as people rush out to stock up on supplements, which type of vitamin D do we need?Is there such a thing as having too much?