Secondary forests in Costa Rica are re-cleared within decades

first_imgArticle published by Rhett Butler Secondary forests in Costa Rica, which are important for the country’s reforestation and climate change goals, don’t last long enough to recover previously lost biomass and biodiversity, a new study shows.Within 20 years, half of the secondary forest in a region of Coto Brus was cleared. After 54 years, 85 percent of these young forests were gone. The results contradict national reports of increasing forest coverage.Costa Rica should shift from its current commitment to restore 1 million hectares of degraded land by 2020 to longer-term commitments to ensure the persistence of young forests, researchers propose. Secondary forests — those that regrow naturally after being cleared or degraded — constitute more than half of existing tropical forests. When they are old enough, they support a wide range of species and store carbon at a higher rate than old-growth forest because the trees grow more rapidly.But in southern Costa Rica, a country with strong environmental commitments, young forests are ephemeral, a new study claims.When Leighton Reid, a restoration ecologist at the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis, and his colleagues studied the history of secondary forests in a region of Coto Brus canton, Costa Rica, they found that half of them were re-cleared within 20 years. And within 54 years, 85 percent of these young forests were gone, the team reported recently in Conservation Letters.“I wasn’t expecting this at all,” said Reid, who has worked in Costa Rica for more than a decade studying tropical forest restoration. “I was shocked.”A trail through secondary forest at the Las Cruces Biological Station in southern Costa Rica. Photo by J. Leighton Reid.Previous estimates have suggested that 20 years is not enough time for a secondary forest to regain old-growth levels of biomass and biodiversity.To study the persistence of these young forests, researchers used aerial photographs taken from 1947 through 2014 across a 320 square kilometer (123.5 square miles) area in Coto Brus. The photos have a spatial resolution of 10 meters, sharper than the 30-meter resolution of Landsat satellite data other scientists have used to assess forest persistence.Detailed analysis of images from five time points revealed that young forests in the area vanished again at a rate of 2.2 percent to 3.5 percent per year. Similar research has shown even higher clearance rates in northern Costa Rica and in other Latin American forests — for instance, as high as 23 percent per year in central Peru, according to a 2017 study.Naomi Schwartz, a forest ecologist at the University of Minnesota and lead author of the Peru study, is not surprised by the Costa Rica results. “The general finding is consistent with what we found,” she said. “You can’t just assume that a new forest that emerges will be still there in 10, 20, or 50 years.”The forests might be cleared primarily for agriculture and livestock, Reid said. However, his team would like to collaborate with social scientists in Costa Rica to study why the forests are destroyed again so quickly. “It’s an important missing component of our study,” he said. He did note one positive finding: Secondary forests near rivers in the study area were left untouched.The results are not universally accepted within Costa Rica. “The study is restricted to a very small portion of the area of the country, which might not be representative of reality,” wrote Luis Guillermo Acosta Vargas, a forest engineer at the Costa Rica Institute of Technology, in an email to Mongabay. He added that the results also contradict the country’s data of overall recovery of forest coverage, which indicates that Costa Rica has increased its forest area since the mid 1980s.Changes in forest cover. Image by Rodrigo RuizReid agreed with Acosta Vargas’ remarks, but he stood by his findings: “We do need more data, but so far two out of two studies show that secondary forests in Costa Rica are often cleared when they are still young.”The country implemented a ban on deforestation of mature forests in 1996. However, secondary forests were not protected until 2016, two years after the study’s time series ended. Landowners might have cut down the forests before they reached maturity to keep using the land, according to Reid. “Time will tell whether this legislation changes the decades-long pattern of rapid re-clearing,” he said.An isolated forest fragment surrounded by cattle pastures in southern Costa Rica. Photo by J. Leighton Reid.Costa Rica made an international commitment to restore 1 million hectares of degraded land by 2020, according to the Bonn Challenge. But in light of the new results, Reid would like to see those commitments reshaped into long-term compromises through 2120 to help secondary forests persist.Schwartz agrees. “Countries need to work hard to make sure that reforestation, forest restoration and natural regeneration are a big part of their effort to mitigate climate change,” she said. “They need to make sure these forests stick around.”Citation: Reid, J. L., Fagan, M. E., Lucas, J., Slaughter, J., & Zahawi, R. A. (2018). The ephemerality of secondary forests in southern Costa Rica. Conservation Letters, e12607.Rodrigo Pérez Ortega (@rpocisv) is a graduate student in the Science Communication Program at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Other Mongabay stories produced by UCSC students can be found here. Conservation, Deforestation, Environment, Forest Recovery, Forests, Rainforests, Remote Sensing, Secondary Forests, Tropical Forests, UCSC center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Altered forests threaten sustainability of subsistence hunting

first_imgArticle published by John Cannon Agriculture, Animals, Biodiversity, Biodiversity Crisis, Biodiversity Hotspots, Birds, Bushmeat, Cloud Forests, Conservation, Deforestation, Ecology, Ecosystem Services, Ecosystem Services Payments, Ecosystems, Endangered Species, Environment, Extinction, Forest People, Forestry, Forests, Fragmentation, Human Migration, Human Rights, Human-wildlife Conflict, Hunting, Illegal Logging, In-situ Conservation, Indigenous Communities, Indigenous Cultures, Indigenous Groups, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Reserves, Indigenous Rights, Iucn, Land Conflict, Land Reform, Land Rights, Logging, Mammals, Mining, Natural Capital, Palm Oil, Parks, Payments For Ecosystem Services, Poaching, Pollution, Poverty, Poverty Alleviation, Primary Forests, Primates, Protected Areas, Pulp And Paper, Rainforest Agriculture, Rainforest Animals, Rainforest Biodiversity, Rainforest Conservation, Rainforest Destruction, Rainforest Ecological Services, Rainforest Logging, Rainforest Mining, Rainforest People, Rainforests, Research, Resource Curse, Roads, Saving Species From Extinction, Social Conflict, Social Justice, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Forest Management, Technology, Threats To Rainforests, Timber, Traditional People, Trees, Tribal Groups, Tropical Forests, Wcs, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Trade In a commentary, two conservation scientists say that changes to the forests of Central and South America may mean that subsistence hunting there is no longer sustainable.Habitat loss and commercial hunting have put increasing pressure on species, leading to the loss of both biodiversity and a critical source of protein for these communities.The authors suggest that allowing the hunting of only certain species, strengthening parks and reserves, and helping communities find alternative livelihoods and sources of food could help address the problem, though they acknowledge the difficult nature of these solutions. The way humans have changed the forests of Central and South America may be making it impossible for subsistence hunters to continue their way of life, according to two conservation scientists.“No longer can subsistence hunting be seen or managed as a sustainable activity carried out by small, isolated human groups occupying large tracts of natural habitat and using traditional hunting methods,” Galo Zapata‐Ríos, who directs the science program for the Wildlife Conservation Society’s (WCS) Ecuador program, said in a statement. “Any approach to the problem must take into account the fundamentally different context in which subsistence hunting occurs in the present day.”Scientists have generally thought that groups that rely on hunting to feed themselves and their families under these conditions — and as it has occurred for generations in some places — could do so without affecting the local survival of certain species.An armadillo taken by hunters. Image by Galo Zapata-Ríos/WCS.But Zapata‐Ríos and his colleague, Esteban Suárez, an ecologist and professor at Universidad San Francisco de Quito, say the widespread impacts humans have had in the “neotropical” forests of the Americas force a rethink of those assumptions.“Any approach to the problem must take into account the fundamentally different context in which subsistence hunting occurs in the present day,” the authors write in a commentary published May 8 in the journal Biotropica.Deforestation for timber and agriculture has carved through the region’s rainforests, leaving smaller and fewer fragmented refuges for species to inhabit. And an influx of people from outside, whether due to oil exploration, mineral extraction, or tourism, has helped fuel larger-scale hunting, sometimes even commercial-scale, they write.Add to that even low levels of subsistence hunting pressure, and the burden could be enough to wipe out some species. Not only does that diminish the biodiversity of the surroundings, but it also robs those very communities of a critical source of food, Zapata‐Ríos and Suárez say.A capybara in Colombia. Image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.The researchers outline several potential remedies, but acknowledge that none are perfect solutions. Wildlife managers could allow subsistence hunting only of certain animals that are numerous or reproduce swiftly enough to cope with the pressure. Parks and reserves with stronger protections could also provide places where animals can escape hunting pressure and thus keep their numbers up.The pair’s research also looked at attempts to incentivize communities to switch to livestock rearing as a way to replace the protein in their diet that hunting historically provided, and, more drastically, projects to resettle subsistence hunters outside key areas that are home to rare or threatened species.One study they cite found that more than two-thirds of a community in India that had been moved from the Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary “perceived that their quality of life had improved and were satisfied with the outcome of the relocation,” but that’s not always the case.A chestnut-eared aracari in Colombia. Image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.“There is ample evidence showing that resettlement of human populations in the name of conservation can result in severe social, cultural, and economic impacts that often affect the most marginalized groups among societies,” the team writes.The researchers say that far-reaching initiatives are necessary if we’re to stem the loss of species from the bevy of threats they face. But they also point out the difficult situation that the outside world’s impacts on the region’s ecosystems have put communities of subsistence hunters in.“[W]e give them the tools and expectations of the Western World, and then, we hope that they can succeed at living sustainably, even if we have constantly failed,” the authors write.Banner image of a red howler monkey in Colombia by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.CitationsKaranth, K. K. (2007). Making resettlement work: The case of India’s Bhadra wildlife sanctuary. Biological Conservation, 139, 315–324. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2007.07.004Suarez, E., & Zapata‐Ríos, G. Managing subsistence hunting in the changing landscape of Neotropical rain forests. Biotropica. doi:10.1111/btp.12662FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Another early budget and its dire consequences

first_imgDear Editor,If one should take an in-depth look at the history and development of Guyana, one must take into consideration the economic conduct of its Finance Minister. It is the heart of the solution and success of any country if the work of its Finance Minister is economically sound and futuristic in orientation. It is the only way any Third World country – Guyana in particular – can grow or develop. Conversely, if that Finance Minister is slothful and indolent, the entire nation would suffer; such is the situation here at home in our South American Republic.Guyana has so far had 31 years of PNC Government management here, and a period of “total control” of our economic affairs. Those years have seen a decimation of everything progressive, and an accentuation of things regressive, thanks to the workings of its Finance Ministry. A name that readily comes to mind when you enter into a discussion of this nature is Carl Greenidge. He held that office for ten (10) long years. Greenidge presented several budgets during his tenure, with no auditor’s report. We are talking about at least ten times of national budgetary performances with no public accountability whatsoever.The current Finance Minister is the worst we have seen in a long time.Since taking office in 2015, the country has seen economic slide wherein this country is on a downward trend with no point of return. It is a backwardness that is beyond comprehension.Finance Minister Jordan has announced plans to present an early budget. This is no new phenomenon when it comes to this Finance Minister; he is known to have presented early budgets as well as several supplementary budgets, all leading up to the backward trajectory of this country. For this reason, successful former Finance Minister and President, Dr Bharrat Jagdeo, has raised the red flag of caution to this nation. He rightfully asserts that presenting an early budget is fraught with danger, because it creates two major problems. The first problem is that monies that are received or monies that will be spent between that time and the time of the new financial year cannot be accounted for. In this instance, the intervening period can be as much as seven (7) months.The first point to note is that whatever budget Jordan would be presenting would not be authentic or based on real figures, because there cannot be any comparison between what was earned or spent and what exists at the current time.Then there is the added aggravation of the Opposition not being given enough time, or none at all, to discuss the income and expenditure processes. I make mention of the last Parliament, when the elected members of the Opposition were shamefully barred from questioning any spending of the Government. Looking at the present scenario, I see this Parliament being a repeat performance of the last.I must hasten to a close, but let me say this: what we will see in Jordan’s early budget is another empty, high sounding, superfluous fluff of oil and its alleged contribution to this economy; and of course the “good life”, which is supposedly out there in his elusive dream world.Sincerely,Neil Adamslast_img read more

Jack Grealish faces £50k fine as Aston Villa probe latest ‘hippy crack’ incident

first_img Jack Grealish in action for Aston Villa Aston Villa boss Roberto Di Matteo says an investigation into an incident involving Jack Grealish is ongoing.The 21-year-old was reported to have held a rowdy late-night party at a Birmingham hotel following his side’s 0-0 draw with Ipswich Town on Saturday.According to the Daily Mail, balloons containing nitrous oxide, known as hippy crack, were found in the room and police were called to halt the bash.It is not the first time Grealish’s off-field behaviour has been called into question.The youngster was forced to apologise to then-Villa boss Tim Sherwood early in 2015 after pictures emerged of him inhaling from balloons.He was subsequently pictured that summer drunk and sprawled out on a road while on holiday in Tenerife.Grealish, who has made eight appearances for the Championship side this season, could be facing a fine of two weeks’ wages – around £50,000 – for his latest indiscretion. 1last_img read more

L.A. officials strive to keep Valley’s enterprise zone alive

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2Enterprise zones provide employers with credits of $31,000 a year for each new job created for five years as well as other incentives to open and remain in business. Under state law, enterprise zones are required to have 51 percent of the property within it zoned for commercial or industrial use. The problem with the Valley zone is it has fallen below that ratio because of the amount of land converted to housing or used for schools or other public buildings. A similar problem could impact the other enterprise zones in the city, officials said. The state has been more diligent in reviewing enterprise zones, officials said, partly as a way to reduce its expenses and bring in more revenue. rick.orlov@dailynews.com Los Angeles city officials began developing alternative plans Friday for ways to keep the San Fernando Valley’s only enterprise zone operating beyond its scheduled end this year. Councilman Tony Cardenas, who represents most of the Northeast Valley area affected by the plan, convened a meeting that included aides to Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, Councilman Alex Padilla and various city agencies to plan their next move. “I am calling for emergency legislation to allow this enterprise zone to continue,” Cardenas said. “We can’t sit still. We must aggressively seek relief from the state so we don’t undermine our economic development.” If an extension is not granted, aides said the councilman is looking at other options, including redrawing of the zone’s boundaries or a change in state legislation to allow it to remain in operation. (213) 978-0390160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Watch: See the highlights as St Naul’s win Intermediate final

first_imgST NAUL’S claimed the 2019 Donegal Intermediate Championship title after overcoming Cloughaneely in Sunday’s final.Daniel Brennan’s goal was the difference in a 1-10 to 0-10 win for the Mountcharles side.Stephen Griffin’s super late free was the icing on the cake for the Barry Meehan-managed St Naul’s who made up for some near misses in the Championship of late. Here are some highlights of the game, via Brendan O’Donnell of Jacksons Media TV …Watch: See the highlights as St Naul’s win Intermediate final was last modified: October 15th, 2019 by Chris McNultyShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:2019 Donegal IFCCloughaneelyDaniel BrennanSt.NaulsStephen Griffinlast_img read more

St Farnan’s/St Pat’s win historic minor title

first_imgThere were big celebrations in two football parishes in west Sligo on Saturday evening after St Farnan’s/St Pat’s (pictured) lifted the Sligo minor ‘A’ football championship title for the first time in their history after a 1-13 to 1-6 win against last year’s winners St Molaise Gaels, at Connolly Park in Collooney.Listen back to full match commentary of the minor final with Paddy Henry and Neil Ewing below: play stop mute max volume 00:00 00:00 repeat St Farnans v St Molaise Gaels – Sligo Minor Final Commentary 20/10/19 Download Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. St Mary’s won a highly entertaining ‘B’ final earlier in the day as they edged Drumcliffe/Rosses Point by a single point, on a final scoreline of 4-11 to 3-13.It took extra-time to separate Coolaney/Mullinabreena and Calry/St Joseph’s in the ‘C’ final at Scarden. There were 13 goals in the game as Coolaney/Mullinabreena eventually won by 6-14 (32) to 7-5 (26).Minor ‘A’ football final St Farnan’s 1-13 St Molaise Gaels 1-6‘B’ final St Mary’s 4-11 Drumcliffe/Rosses Point 3-13‘C’ final Coolaney/Mullinabreena 6-14 Calry/St Joseph’s 7-5 AETUnder 16 ‘B’ final Eastern Harps 2-16 Shamrock Gaels 1-9.last_img read more

Apple Is Blacklisting European Users Who Game Its App-Refund System

first_imgRelated Posts What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Tags:#app refunds#App Store#Apple Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Apple is striking back at users who’ve figured out how to abuse its new refund policy for digital purchases in Europe—by blacklisting them from future reimbursements.To conform with the EU’s consumer protection laws, Apple rolled out a new policy last month that lets European users who purchase apps, songs, ebooks or other digital media claim refunds within 14 days of purchase. But some customers have discovered they can demand their money back on repeated purchases—apparently even if they keep the downloads. See also: How Apple’s New App-Refund Policy Could Hurt DevelopersIt may be tough to police everyone, but Apple’s ready to put the kibosh on at least the worst offenders who try to game the system. In other words, ask for too many refunds in a short time period, and the company will flag the behavior and revoke your refund privileges, iDownloadBlog reports. Apple has already sent messages to users through the App Store, alerting flagged users with the following prompt: “I acknowledge that if I download this app within fourteen days of tapping ‘Buy,’ I will no longer be eligible to cancel this purchase.” The user then has the choice of canceling the download or acknowledging the message to proceed while waiving the right to any refund. https://twitter.com/rosyna/status/554752303794647040/photo/1Clearly the company doesn’t want users treating the refund policy like a trial period for paid apps or to let unscrupulous types get away with shady practices. Its latest move seems designed to nip that in the bud. While the refund policy and its woes remain limited to Europe for now, the company could be eyeing it as a test of sorts for more universal changes down the road. In that way, how Apple handles refunds abroad could influence the way it approaches its App Store policies at home, which can directly affect the developers who stock its digital shelves everywhere. Photo by Ben Husmann; screenshot courtesy of Twitter user Rosynacenter_img adriana lee Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technologylast_img read more

Check Out This Coding Toy—For Grownups

first_imgmarley kaplan Why You Love Online Quizzes 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… The line between toy and tech tool barely exists anymore, as companies increasingly turn hardware hacking and programming into a fun kids’ play. London-based Kano, one of the hottest (and newest) of the technological child whisperers, wants to bring that youthful exuberance to everyone—young and old alike.Kickstarted into existence in 2013, with a campaign that blasted through its $100,000 goal with $1.5 million in pledges, Kano now makes Raspberry Pi–based computer kits commercially available to children ages 6 to 14. Inspired by those young users, who founder Alex Klein says have created and shared as many as 5 million lines of code, he wants to spread that enthusiasm to a larger audience. See also: Raspberry Pi 2 Brings Six Times The Power, Same $35 Price Tag“Most of the innovation—the magic—is sealed away in a tiny one percent of one percent in the valley and accelerators,” said Klein, at TechCrunch Disrupt in New York City this week. “We want to democratize the ability to make technology, not just consume it.” He might just get his wish. Having raised another $15 million from investors, the founder has the fuel to reach for the company’s next, more grown-up stage of evolution. Here’s how Klein plans to bring the spirit of play to budding adult programmers. Why Kano Wants To Grow UpEngineering kits have been popular among kids and a natural fit in the educational space. Likewise, Kano set out following in the footsteps of companies like LittleBits, Adafruit, and Goldie Blox. But Klein now wants to extend Kano’s reach, taking it into grown-up territory. Simply put, he wants to appeal to everyone’s inner “inventor and tinkerer,” he said. See also: LittleBits’ Ayah Bdeir: Making Hardware As Hackable As CodeKlein looks to tech giants like Facebook and Apple for inspiration: The social network started as a youth movement, “but [it’s] now an indispensible platform for all of our expression,” he said at TechCrunch Disrupt. “Apple democratized tech usage; we hope to democratize tech creativity.” This shift stems from the company’s usage findings—it noted that some adults were using the kits—and analysis of the global technology ecosystem. Klein pointed out that with 8.2 billion connected devices, most interactions with technology come from the consumer standpoint, rather than the creator’s. Klein wants to push into the adult maker market by putting out products that are both gender- and age-neutral. The core design, he hopes, speaks to fundamental human impulses: “Everyone has shared urges to look inside,” he said. “Everyone wants to take control. Everyone wants to make and play.”Sometimes, “play” has nothing to with it. People can learn coding for a variety of reasons, he discovered. When I contacted Klein, he laid out a range of possible scenarios: “We’ve seen 45-year-old Operation Desert Storm veterans use Kano to gain new professional skills,” he said. “Eighty-one-year-old grandmas use it to build websites, teens in Sierra Leone to build radio stations, entrepreneurs in Cape Town to make solar cinemas.” To serve them and others like them, Kano’s strategy can’t involve merely slapping a new coat of paint on plastic toys. It won’t. Klein told me he has deeper changes in store for Kano, which will open it up from the inside out. Going From Toy To Developer Platform Kano’s next stage of evolution will involve some fundamental shifts. The company is expanding its line-up with new add-on kits, and plans to open up Kano Blocks—its game-making arena—and online platform Kano World to community development.The latest kit, called “Power-Up,” teaches connectivity principles and IoT concepts through light-up components. Kano Blocks, a desktop-enabled web program for educational programming, lets users drag and drop pieces of code to invent new things—such as their own variations of game classics like Pong and Minecraft. “Make Art,” another new entry, puts a digital easel in front of users, so they can learn to code through painting characters, fractals and planets. Playable online as well as through the kit, the experience emphasizes the game aspect by incorporating achievements and unlocks for different levels. All Kano products run on Kano OS, the open source operating system that sits on top of Raspberry Pi. It boasts high computational powers that let it run fast, boot quickly and offer clear graphical rendering. For developers, this means that they will have ample resources to jump on board and quickly create their own projects. Kano World allows for the Kano community to share their creations and add on to existing projects. The company is in the early stages of developer relations, but their open source software and in-office Raspberry Pi Meetups lay the groundwork for more to come.In other words, Kano’s bid for the grown-up market may have its roots in toys, but that doesn’t mean it’s not serious business. “As we grow, we’re going to start opening up more of the aspects of Kano Blocks for community development as well,” said Klein. “The idea is to make a developer platform that is both really simple, but also as powerful as a Raspberry Pi engineer would expect.” Photos courtesy of Kano How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees?center_img Related Posts Tags:#democratization of technology#Kano#learn how to code#programming#toys Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoidlast_img read more

Florida Governor Proposes Tax Holidays and Reduced Millage Rate

first_imgFlorida Gov. Ron DeSantis has proposed the following in his 2019-2020 budget:– a three-day back to school sales tax holiday on clothing up to $60, school supplies up to $15, and the first $1,000 on computers;– a one-week disaster preparedness sales tax holiday on items needed during disasters including generators up to $750; and– a property tax millage rate reduction of 0.157.News Release, Office of Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, February 1, 2019Login to read more tax news on CCH® AnswerConnect or CCH® Intelliconnect®.Not a subscriber? Sign up for a free trial or contact us for a representative.last_img read more